Psychosis – causes, symptoms, and treatment explained

Psychosis is a type of mental illness where
a person loses touch with the reality. They may also experience quite distressing symptoms
which are broadly classified into delusions which is false beliefs. They may experience
hallucinatory things like voices when no one is around them. They may also have disturbances
with their thought processes. If you are looking at the causes of psychotic
disorders, these can be a number of ideological factors or causative factors. One of them
being acute stress, severe overwhelming stress for an individual. The other being illicit
drugs or alcohol. Third being prescription medications like steroids, for example, may
cause psychosis. The fourth being severe enduring mental illnesses like schizophrenia or mood
disorders. Lastly, sometimes because of what is called organicity, meaning that some physical
problems in the brain, for example, tumours. The symptoms of psychosis can be broadly classified
into symptoms of beliefs, hallucinatory experiences, and thirdly, thought disorder symptoms. If I elaborate
on each, the false beliefs are also called delusions. Basically meaning the person develops a belief which they hold very strongly. It can be of various types. For example, some may believe that
people are out to kill them or get them. It’s called paranoid or persecutory delusions.
Some may develop grandiose delusions. Basically meaning they believe they have supernatural powers to do
things. It can also be what is called delusions over friends where they believe people are talking about
them or laughing at them and that might make them retaliate.
Talking about the hallucinating experiences, the most common ones are, people may sometimes hear voices talking to them coming from outside of themselves telling them sometimes nasty
things or giving some demands to do things which are called command hallucinations. These hallucinations are perception disorders in a way. They can be in any other modality as well, basically meaning they can be of touch, smell, taste, and sometimes, they may see things which aren’t there.
The third classical symptoms would be the disorder symptoms where they are confused
with their thought processes. They are again classified into different varieties. For example,
you may not understand what they are trying to say at all, or it may be they have difficulty
conveying their thoughts. These are the three broad classical symptoms people
may experience when they are psychotic. Psychosis can range from very transitory or
illnesses which may last for a few days to what are called enduring mental illnesses
like schizophrenia for example. In schizophrenia, the person may develop these symptoms in quite
a young age that may require treatment normally with medications or with talking therapies as well.
The symptoms sometimes can be very risky for the patient and for others. This really needs
to be carefully diagnosed first and then monitored and treated. Psychosis is treated generally with medications called anti-psychotics. There are a number
of anti-psychotics that can be used depending on what would benefit the person and what
would be the side effects which the particular person is able to tolerate. There’s a choice
of medications which can be used. These anti-psychotics are to be used for quite some time perhaps
two years, three years, for a person to actually benefit. Other than that, there are other
various talking therapies called cognitive behaviour therapy and other therapies which
could help. The other one is to look at how to help or
support the person to integrate back into the community so that they can lead normal
and productive lives. For a disorder like schizophrenia, sometimes, if we can broadly
classify it, around one-third of people may have one episode and may never experience
it again, and another one-third may actually never recover from their symptoms or their illness and the remaining percentage of people may have a number of episodes throughout their lives.
But the good news is there are medications, if combined with talking therapy and other
supports around their person can actually help a person lead a normal life.

98 thoughts on “Psychosis – causes, symptoms, and treatment explained

  • I had drug induced psycosis and can honestly say that it is went undiagnosed for about a year until I had a full-blown psychotic episode.spent 2 weeks in a mental health ward (semi voluntary).the med's are horrible.i put on 3 stone and spent 2&a half years being a zombie

  • I have psychosis Ppl are starting to think I'm slow. , Nah nah , I think we are more advanced . I'm being serious , it kind of bothers me , because im realizing how incompetent the world can be , things certain ppl get in my way , slow me down , my brain is at 200 mph while the world is running at 70 mph , that's how I'm feeling , I'm seeing how shitty this world is and I think about dying every day just to be apart from the world because I feel very few of us are too good for this world , I'm always looking into the future sometimes can see all scenarios leading up to with years in advance i see the details i see what not many care to see , I have such a quick understanding of things , I cannot learn by reading only by watching and advancing the more I do it , I'm so quick on my mind , i am super manipulative if I wanted to be , I'm a fucking demon if I'm pushed to that point , so spiritually in tune , please world please I'd be on my good behavior if you all had love and peace in your hearts

  • I had a simple fall at 5yo, and at 8yo i was diagnosed with psychosis and ASPD, the doctors couldn't tell if my brain was damaged because of that fall or if it was damaged from birth or any time until i was diagnosed.

    My question is, is it possible to get a psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia or psychosis from a simple fall?….. I was knockout and in hospital. I dont have many psychotic attacks now (major ones) because im forced to take my medication (i dont mean anyone holds a gun to my head and say "Alan you better take you're meds") because i have a 8yo daughter, i dont want her to see me have an attack, most definitely dont want her near me.

  • My daughter was on effexor for 4 yrs and just stopped it. She now has psychosis. She is 18 but she is acting like a young child.she was saying she has a baby and ppl were steeling them.she can't carry on a conversation. Im terrified she won't come back to normal.she is currently in the mental hospital they r giving her zyprexa and ativan. What r the chances I will have my daughter back???

  • Feels good to know I'm not alone your the master of your own mind don't forget, an we are simply survivor's so go get a bag an make their voices cry.

  • You ppl with psychosis should try to direct your symptoms onto hobbies we make easy millionaires , it sucks but hey I pour my feelings into what I love

  • I am confused as I see that most areas I search, psychosis is described as a symptom, can you please enlighten me whether it is a symptom or a mental illness of it's own?

  • i had a breakdown one year and went to the hospital because i felt i needed mental help , two doctors came in and said "looks like self induced psychosis to cope with depression" that moment it was like a veil was pulled from over my head . so much clicked . i was like "so ive been doing this to myself?" but the meds totally made me beyond irritable. so i was like "if i just stop depressing myself and hanging around depressive triggers ill be okay." figure out your illness , break it down to digestable peices , know urself and work around triggers and shit. stop hanging around people who are narrsassitic fucks .

  • My brother has some sort of bi-polar related psychosis going on. Atleast that’s what the hospital doctors speculated the few times he’s been in for care. He’s had issues over the last 7 years or so with heavy prescription drug abuse. Usually anti-depressants, anxiety meds, and painkillers.

    Now he’s convinced that he’s a spiritual super being/ leader of freemasonry and that everyone he encounters is secretly jealous of his power and is seeking to destroy him. It’s been hard to see someone I remember as being a sane and rational person devolve into pure delusion. I feel like discussing it or trying to get him to see clearly is a wasted effort and goes nowhere. He’s only 29 and I have no idea how he is going to get through life.

    He doesn’t want to seek help as he sees nothing wrong with himself. And I don’t think prescriptions would be helpful as he abuses any sort of medication he gets his hands on. He’s taken the dogs medicine when he could get ahold of it…

    Is there anything I can do to convince him to seek help? Neither me nor my family has any legal authority to force him to and he continues to get worse and worse.

    Any advice would be hugely appreciated.

  • I dont know about u guys but my psychosis goes like this in my life even tho its in the beginning stages: i wake up for work early but dont care if make it on time or if i did my hygiene shit, i get there stare at the dishes i have to wash and think for eight hours about how im going crazy and cant stop talking to myself in my head, i track everyone’s movements with my peripherals but not staring directly at them, i understand all the manipulative things people try to say, and the best part is when i think about how i cant create a trust with anyone and just thinking that i never will… thanks alot for what uve done to me weed, funny part is i feel normal high

  • Key words. To lead a "normal productive life " ….thats all that seems to matter. Productivity/numbers, and if your mind seems to wander everywhere "Here take these drugs so U can continue producing whatever it is that u do. (Babies, product, merchandise, sales,)etc

  • Good day sir.
    My girlfriend diagnosed with schizophrenia around 3 or 4 years ago. She got immediate treatment at that time because after a few months she heard the voices and see some shadows walking around her house she felt frustrated and tried to commit suicide. Thankfully her parents knew it and bring her to the hospital immediately. She went to the mental hospital for a couple of months already. Right now her condition is more stable than before she went to the mental hospital.
    what i want to ask is, how should i react to her. i mean, her treatment is not gonna work properly if people around her don't act right. So how should i treat her, when she got distracted with a voice that telling her something, should i distract her back to focus on my voice?
    I just a little bit confused about it.I do understand that people around her need to improve the way they treat or talk to a person with schizophrenia to make them feel better. Please, someone who has some experience with people that have schizophrenia. can you contact me on WhatsApp? because i really need some advice.
    Whatsapp : +6282280280335

  • I have psychosis. I hear voices, and have delusions. It's horrible. Sometimes I'm up high from my delusions, and I think crazy stuff like I was tested as a baby by scientists, and I helped them create a new element, and I'm gonna be rich because of this, and I think I'm related to celebrities, like Michael Jackson is my father, and snoop dogg is my uncle, even though I know my real dad. It makes me feel so stupid when I come back to reality, but my delusions are constant, and I can't help but question these delusions, and sometimes believe them. I guess I wish my delusions was true, like I wish I was rich. It's hard to explain because even when I look in the mirror, and I know I look like my father, and I tell myself who my father is the delusion that Michael Jackson is my father is still there. I can't seem to get rid of the thought, and even if I do it's usually only for a few minutes then the delusion that Michael Jackson is my father comes back.

    I wish I was normal, but I think I've took too many drugs, and had one too many bangs to the head, and it's probably passed down from my dad.

  • The things about my scychosis is– I'M THE CAUSE, of the freaking problem for 6 years. The problems when a think out AND thinking of errors! Its irritating when something said or does, pops UP with irriplacaeble negativity!

    I have TOON characters in my head. Anime U.S stations Days by nights, like everything day! It's my fault, that bothers myself (Not personally! I vent to people I trust) i use so many devices and look up ANYTHING dramatic! I think of characters and people like ruffians! And even my family being- FREAKY aggressive! The worst part is, after thinking it too good to be true, (That its not real NOTHING up front) Its causes trips.

    Sometimes I get embarrassed by my thoughts actions thinking like their STILL REALISM! It's hard taking choices, and talking the right time for myself. But I get bored, OR depressed or something…Sometimes it's not OUR fault NO matter who we are. We can't depend coping or taking medicine mostly though.

    In scychosis we think were FEELING BAD. But actually we're PERFECTING to succeed over confusion and condemning inside. In fact I would be STABLE, SINCERE, AND HAPPY if I didn't have certain drinks, candy, irrational people AND cartoons.

  • When i had my first psychosis my dad said to me this is about who side your on everytime im around him i feel like hes trying to force me to off myself because in the bible it says life and death are in the power of the tongue you can up lift someone with your words or destroy he can try the best to bring me down but no i choose life.

  • I had my first psychotic break when I was 22 , 22 yrs ago and I spent a bit of time in the hospital I didnt talk to anyone cause I thought the government was looking for me , an older English lady sat across from me In dinning area and said " dont worry jerry there will be plenty of money to spend were your going" I never figured out what she meant , but when got better I laughed about it.

  • Took drugs a few months ago
    And I’m still having auditory hallucinations
    I’m so scared for my mental health. I’m self diagnosing myself every single day….I’m scared of going to a doctor because I’m scared of the diagnosis I will get
    I just know I’m schizophrenic…I’m so scared
    Somebody please help.
    Although I’ve never heard a schizophrenic say that they’re scared of having schizophrenia lol
    But these symptoms are really scary
    The hallucinations just seem to be getting worse and I’m thinking the absolute worse
    Could it be something else ?

  • my sister have probelm like suddenly fall down and suppose light off she will like fix and crash the matetial like tv. and pulling the hairs.. what is the problem for she

  • I feel hopeless for my mom. She's in her 80's and has always been extremely religious. I believe she has some sort of delusional disorder for quite some time, however, due to her being so religious, I thought she acted in certain ways because of her beliefs. Her main issues stem from sinful acts. I don't know how her thoughts suddenly create these scenarios, but almost out of the blue, maybe after perceiving that someone is having an affair or that something precious of hers went missing, she would accuse that person and tell others about it. Obviously there is no evidence of an affair or an item being stolen. Even when I explain that it's impossible, she won't accept it. It's truly sad.

  • My father have it he is getting wors and in my country no one goes to therapy they think it’s only for crazy people!!! He even tried to kill me and my sister ones because he thought we were planning with our mom to hurt him we were only 14-13 and he still think everyone wants to hurt him and he thinks he have some super bower 😔 but now we all left him he lives alone and visit us sometimes with new scenarios he mad idk what to do i feel bad for him and no one is helping 😪 (Sorry for my bad english)

  • I don't know if i have this problem but i think too much and i would talk to myself when nobody is around like if there was a second me talking in my mind. And there's a bunch of things i do but too lazy to comment lol

  • I went to a county hospital in Texas and was diagnosed as bi polar they did give me medication but i still hear the voices

  • This shit pisses me off. Doctors immediately diagnose me with psychosis as if its impossible that my "delusions" are true. I dont hear voices, I don't hallucinate. The FBI has been stalking me and I can write a whole fucking book about how I know it.

  • i didnt even use taht much of drugs, just spent 5 years staying high ~ but fuck i failed and coudnt hold my shit and fell to this shit!!

  • Hear is the thing about psychological diagnoses the American psychological association just has a hands up vote on what should be considered a mental disorder.

    Plus psychiatry does not even know what causes these problems.

    The chemical imbalance can not be proven without going to extreme lengths that would risk immediate permanent brain damage.

    A catscane are mmri does not reveal much.
    It does not reveal where the problem orginates from.

    Not to mention you can see a person's political leanings with a MMRI it does not mean it's a disorder.

    Plus drugs are not the only solution to this.
    You can have a vitiman and mineral defiecencys that causes psychosis.

    In this case if it was caused early on you could treat it like that.

    If it was caused by trama help the person overcome their trama.

    This drug only approach only truly benifite's the psychiatrist and the drug company.

    Plus antipsychotic drug's cause brain damage.
    But a psychiatrist will not tell you that.

    Plus antipsychotic drug's like all other psychotropic drug's are only studyed for 3 week's at a time.

    This mean's their long term effectiveness has not been established.

    Short time effectiveness on the other hand has.

    That is if you trust drug company study's and i do not.

  • Very nice information. In Ayurvedic system of medicine, the treatment of schizophrenia is possible without any side effects. Planet Ayurveda offers Memory Support Capsules and Medhya Churna for the effective treatment of psychosis.

  • I've had off and on psychosis my whole life.. The worst thing i experience are paranoid delusions, i have gained a weak skill to work out whether or not my delusions are real.. I had one just second before i found this video. I thought someone drugged and kidnapped my mom because she went off to the bar alone and it just went down hill from there.. I live life terrified all the time.. If anyone else experiences the fear i feel please comment back..


  • As for what actually causes psychosis and other mental health disorders, he obviously doesn't have a clue. Nothing concerning actual cause, apart from stress, which years ago was the supposed cause of stomach ulcers, until an Australian Dr, traced stomach ulcers to H. pylori bacteria. In the meantime ill mental health sufferers have to put up with these sort of grossly ignorant, grossly overpaid morons, talking lots of bollocks and tossing some poisons at them. What a bunch of scammers. Did I mention OVERPAID.

  • Sir I have phycosis since 13years I like to go to gym n I go daily but when I was diagnosed with it no one believed it sir can I would come out of it 13years is too much I have gone through hell

  • I think I am starting to have an episode.. sucks ass.. I hope I can beat it without meds, because I hate those meds..

  • It's a travesty that the field of Psychiatry doesn't use actual medicine to diagnose their patients. Most of these people probably have some form of autoimmune, viral encephalopathy going on. But no one will ever test them for it. Too much money to be lost and can't risk the reputation of the pseudoscience field called psychiatry.

    The brain is an organ just like any other. If your heart was malfunctioning, or your liver were, they would be running blood tests to figure out the cause, but it's not so in this field of quackery.

  • My partner is currently being treated in the mental health ward of the hospital for psychosis, they're unsure weather it's drug related or if schizophrenia as it runs in his family. I'm trying my best to be there for him but I've been doing a lot of research and trying to find answers to help his condition. I need to know how to communicate with him. When he's deluded and inconsolable I gently grab his face and reassure him it's going to be ok, and then he asks why I'm crying

  • How does being diagnosed with this, prevent domestic abuse? The police are so evil-they just apologised for their behaviour 6 and 1/2 years later, this morning! The psychiatrist and my GP who called me homicidal, should be ashamed! Some of us are so happy in life, others cannot take it! Bless us!

  • My friend suffering from schizophrenia, she don't want to believe that she is suffered from the disease but when she explained her self to me how things happens to her they are the same symptoms. She meet two or three psychiatrist here but they couldn't understand her, so I want to treat her by myself.and this video litraly help me.

  • Dear sir pls guide wht i should do for treatment of breathing disorder while I am awake feeling very much hard to take breath where I should go so pls wht i should do

  • If you have hallucinations of Visual images in your mind those visual images are in the third Eye chakra of the Soul the brain is incapable of making a visual images

    Clairvoyants can receive information from the spirit world through the third Eye chakra and then pass on accurate information to people that they know nothing about and they are receiving these visual images with intuitive feelings

    Drugs do not work on people who have hallucinations those hallucinations are constructed created images created by God and the angels and implanted into somebody's third eye

  • I suffered even morr after taking medications, ralkung therapy is better, stay away from drugs and alcohol..Prayer and meditate on Gods words, try to love yourself, start in small ways, breathing exercises also brisk walk if possible…

  • My sister gets confused, forgetful and says strange things like "I need to keep the room dark so they don't find me". She stays with our parents often and she is fine has no strange episodes for weeks at a time but as soon as she goes back to her own home, things turn bad again. She will talk to me normally and then out of the blue she'll say that someone came around to her house the night before (sometimes that person is the ex husband or a dead person). No sign of voices, no aggression, she doesn't talk much, she showers every day and no history of drug abuse.What is wrong with her??

  • I experienced a psychotic break once which led me to br diagnosed with Bipolar 1. It was unlike anything I have ever felt. I had never felt so terrified, sheer terror, and then the next moment pure ecstasy. I felt so free of my inhibitions. I think it is a defense mechanism under too much stress that the person cannot handle.

  • I did have supernatural powers… As I was coming out of it when I was in treatment playing catch I was barely looking catching two small balls at one time.. Even though I'm good at sports I can't do the things I was doing when I was in psychosis

  • I had a next door neighbor who was like this and she had a house ful of cock roaches as for me i find ppl like this so damn funny and she made me laugh so fucking hard I had cock roaches crawling on me as she was thinking she was talking to her doctor and he was not even in the room and she was throwing fist in the air first of all I am not even her doctor so the crazy shit ppl say I would say throw them crazy's on the stage make ppl laugh

  • If it's caused by stress you can just get CBT because it's stress and trama related.

    Plus a delusion is just any fexated false belief resistant to logic reason and evidence.

    Plus as much stress as i was exposed to on a daily bases no wounder why i had head problem's growing up.

    I mean if people went through the shit i went through at 5 year's old and most of my life they would be fucked in the head.

    Either temporarily or permanently.

    Rather than the mental health system trying to truly understand the shit i went through and give me love.

    They instead druged the shit out of me.

  • The first thing that you need to look for with schizophrenia is viruses, parasites and bad bacteria in the gut then heal the gut.

  • him: …. or physical things in the brain, tumors
    my horrendous never ending thoughts: YOU HAVE A TUMOR

  • Psychosis is essentially the uninformed Western terminology for an Existential crisis/Dark Night of The Soul. Allopathic medical practitioners are tragically not educated in these types of areas. Avoid all anti-depressants, they will destroy your neurotransmitters to a devastating affect. Seek a Holistic practitioner or Homeopathy specialist.

  • My son was just diagnosed with severe depression with psychosis and is in treatment its been a game changer but hopefully we are able to help him and make it better long term

  • Every time I go to bed, I open my eyes like every 5 seconds because it feels like a killer will come out of my bed and kill me when I'm not looking. Plz help I don't know what to do.

  • hi. It is my belief that psychotics are not sick, they are instead in a hyper state, the purpose of this hyper state is to flush out the junk they have received (there's a lot of bs out there) and rebuild their mental maps at the fundamental level. This involves shaking off all authoritative abuse, directly or indirectly imposed on them. When they come out the other end they come out stronger. In the western system we see this "death and rebirth" process as "illness", it is not illness. Labelling it as such only disables people. It is a natural process that occurs when people have a lot of suppressed energy that needs expression, such people are extremely strong and one of the challenges of the psychotic is learning non-violent communication and channeling that energy constructively. Of course, after the abuse that happens to them in the mental health system, I am not surprised they often want to avoid people at all costs as society NOT ONLY provides no value for them, society is actually COUNTER-VALUABLE to their needs. 50% of surviving mental illness is avoiding people who could potentially hospitalise you against your will.

  • I don’t feel myself, my emotions are numbed, I experience nervousness when speaking to others, and don’t feel like doing a thing.. no motivation.. just feel disconnected from family and friends.. someone help!!!!

  • I haven’t talked to a soul in a couple years until a few days ago, I talked to a couple people and they seemed to be afraid of me and said I wasn’t acting normal, I’m scared to leave my house cause I think someone is coming after me over things from a long time ago, I’ve just recently started to see things around me like people. I’ve also had nightmares on the regular for the past few months, I live with my family and none of us exchange a word. I have a feeling something terribly wrong is going to happen to me I’m not sure what to do

  • I was diagnosed with depression and shortly after I was told I I have a BPD also known as EUPD I started hearing voices telling me to harm myself making jokes at me and constantly threatening me and then I was put into hospital for 4 weeks been on and of medication also for psychosis evil hallucinations. Mental health is no joke I've seen and felt things no one would ever dream of get the help and try to move on hope for the best get as much support and help u can before it's to late.

  • Thank you sir. My grandfather would say that's more what his mother went through than schizophrenia with her 1 o'clock screams.

  • Sometimes when I get high my thoughts amplify and I start actually hearing voices, they could be positive or they can be negative asf. I don’t know what’s wrong with me, I’m afraid I might have schizophrenia. They sometimes happen when I’m sober

  • I've been getting so down lately.. I should have never done drugs, been sober for 2 years and it's almost like I never stopped.

  • I always had a fear of having psychosis. My half sister and mom both had schizoaffective disorder.

    Not so long ago (around 6 months) I couldn’t leave my house. I was crying every day. I had a panic attacks every day. I kept having repetitive thoughts of suicide.
    It’s like my thoughts weren’t my own. I could’ve sworn I was psychotic. Thankfully, I received help. Now I’m on meds and I’ve been able to cope a lot better.

  • sometime i laugh or talk in loneliness can someone tell me is it a disease if it is then what is a cure without using medicine

  • My daughter was diagnosed with secondary schizophrenia.
    She exhibited delusions and hallucinations but her thinking was more or less clear; she was aware she was very ill.
    The psychiatrist scripted medication which stopped the symptoms within a week but over about 6 months she put on 20 kg.
    The medication was very effective called rexulit , now 12 month later she is exhibiting no symptoms and has lost about 5kg.
    She got a lot of moral support from us and now is back with her boyfriend.
    She disclosed to the psychiatrist she had been smoking weed to relieve the stress of her occupation but now she has reduced her hours by half and does not smoke it anymore.
    She was able to stop taking the
    anti psychotic drug too after about six months.
    The psychiatrist said there was a risk of relapse, but she has been recovered for over 12 months now with no return to the illness.
    She followed all ADVICE from the psychiatrist and cooperated with us; she recently confided she wanted to totally recover and did no want to be admitted to a mental hospital even knowing at the beginning there was a risk of this.
    Her wanting to be rid of the illness I believe was a big factor in her recovery.
    My best wishes for recovery to any body suffering from this illnes but seek treatment and abide with it- not learn to live with this demon!
    Fight it !!!!!

  • I watch this video because I feel like I am have physios because I've actually thought I had special powers people talking behind my back

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