Protective and Risk Factors for Mental Illness

Hello this is Dr. Brouk. In this video
we will briefly discuss risk and prevention of mental illness basically
we are going to talk about what are the elements associated with the development
of mental illness or psychological disorders the first concept is the
concept of diathesis-stress model the word diathesis means genetic
predisposition and stress is our body’s response to demands whether it could be
an environmental demand or internal what we could engage in a faulty thinking and
that could cause a stress response looking at it a little bit formally
diathesis is the genetic predisposition for both biological and psychological
symptoms and stress is the body’s reaction to internal and external
demands demands or stressors can be positive or negative predictable or
unpredictable under control or out of our control and they vary in severity
let’s look at different characteristics associated with stress positive or
negative positive stress is like getting married
negative could be losing somebody that we love predictable versus unpredictable
having a baby is predictable losing a child could be unpredictable stress
could be under control or out of our control under control would be an
example would be going back to school all of our control could be unemployment
suddenly losing our jobs and they could vary in severity for instance having a
flat tire is much less stressful than getting into a huge accident where your
car is totaled totaled risk factors are characteristics that
increase the probability or likelihood of a psychological disorder or mental
illness in contrast protective factors or characteristics that lower or reduce
the probability of developing a psychological disorder for instance a risk factor could be a genetic
predisposition to depression a protective factor could be resiliency or
an optimistic perception of the world and self looking back at the term
diathesis we see that it is the Warner ability or risk factor for psychological
disorders and it can be anything such as genetic predisposition neurochemical
imbalance brain damage unconscious processes things that happen
in our past but now are motivating or symptoms or causing our symptoms
learning experiences thought patterns and cultural and family factors now that
we have discussed risk and protective factors let’s go over prevention and see
how can we prevent mental illness from developing according to merriam-webster
dictionary prevention is the act of preventing or hindering here we want to
prevent or hinder the development of a psychological disorder CDC or Center for
Disease Control categorizes preventive measures into three primary secondary
and tertiary in primary prevention the focus is to stop the development of any
new cases of a mental illness here we might be educating the public or parents
about healthy attachment and parenting skills similar to primary prevention is
universal prevention and this is done with a large group of people you might
have seen billboards that are indicative of a campaign to prevent child abuse secondary prevention aims to identify
and stop symptoms before they become a full-blown illness for instance in
October we have depression screening Day and May
jazz setup boots and a college students can go and get screened for depressive
symptoms selective prevention is similar to secondary however here the activities
actually target people who are at a very high risk for developing a disorder for
instance if we screen family members of someone who was diagnosed with an
addictive disorder last type of prevention is Treasury and this is these
are activities that aim to reduce the symptoms of a full-blown illness and
after has been diagnosed and prevent relapse and future complications
it also helps family members to help the individual deal with their diagnosis
when someone is diagnosed with schizophrenia often family members are
involved in the care and they get educated about the diet taking
medication the individual having enough sleep and so on this concludes our very
brief discussion of prevention protective factors risk factors and the
diathesis-stress model I hope you have found this helpful thank you

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